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The Aviation Situation in Afghanistan

Aerial view of Kabul Airport

The Aviation Situation in Afghanistan

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Since last weekend the situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated rapidly. Kabul Airport has been the focus of evacuation and repatriation efforts. Meanwhile, civil aviation has slowed to a trickle. In this post, we’re compiling an updated overview of the aviation situation in Afghanistan.

Flights in Afghanistan

Air traffic control for commercial aircraft overflying Afghanistan ceased on 18 August, with authorities issuing a NOTAM warning aircraft that they were on their own.

FOLLOWING NOTAM IS ISSUED ON REQUEST OF KABUL ACC. DUE SECURITY REASON KABUL ACC IS RELEASED TO MILITARY. NO ATS WILL BE AVBL. ACFT TRANSITING THROUGH KABUL FIR WILL BE FLYING IN UN-CONTROLLED AIRSPACE AT THEIR OWN RISK.

Just a week ago Afghanistan was a heavily traveled corridor for international overflights transiting from North America and Europe to destinations in India and southeast Asia.

The US FAA issued a security NOTAM restricting access to the Kabul FIR (Afghanistan airspace), except for the P500-G500 jet route that transits the narrow Wakhan Corridor in eastern Afghanistan. At the point of crossing, aircraft spend about 2 minutes in Afghan airspace between Pakistan and Tajikistan.

Map showing P500-G500 jet route over Afghanistan

Flights to/from Kabul

The majority of flights at Kabul Airport are being operated by military aircraft at this point. There are no services available at the Kabul Airport, including fuel and aircraft servicing. NOTAMs instruct pilots that engines must remain on at the airport and landings must be pre-cleared within a 60 minute window. Civil operations are severely limited, with Pakistan International Airlines operating a few flights since 19 August. The airport is currently Visual Flight Rules only, with the Instrument Landing System and VOR/DME out of service.

Flights beyond Afghanistan

Not including the activated US Civil Reserve Air Fleet, airlines from more than 30 countries have provided aircraft to carry evacuees from Afghanistan onward to safety from airports close to Afghanistan. Operating from air bases in Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and the UAE, or airports in Pakistan and Tajikistan, airlines have carried Afghans, aid workers, and others who were in Afghanistan until last week.

AirlineCountry
Africa Charter AirlineSouth Africa
Air BelgiumBelgium
Air EuropaSpain
Air IndiaIndia
Air TankerUnited Kingdom
Ajwaa Airlines (EgyptAir)Egypt
AlMasria Universal AirlinesEgypt
CondorGermany
Corendon Dutch AirlinesNetherlands
Danish Air TransportDenmark
Eastern Air LinesUnited States
Ethiopian AirlinesEthiopia
EuroAtlantic AirwaysPortugal
FinnairFinland
Freebird AirlinesTurkey
Georgian AirwaysGeorgia
GlobalXUnited States
Gulf AirBahrain
Gulf Air GroupUnited States
GullivairBulgaria
HiFlyPortugal
IberiaSpain
Jordan AviationJordan
Kam AirAfghanistan
Kenya AirwaysKenya
KlasJetLithuania
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait
LOTPoland
LufthansaGermany
Luke AirItaly
National AirlinesUnited States
NeosItaly
PIAPakistan
Privilege StyleSpain
Qatar AirwaysQatar
Safe Air CompanyKenya
SASDenmark/Norway/Sweden
SmartwingsCzech Republic
Star EastRomania
Sun CountryUnited States
SwissSwitzerland
TaromRomania
Titan AirwaysUnited Kingdom
TUI (NL)Netherlands
Turkish AirlinesTurkey
UtairRussia
Uzbekistan AirwaysUzbekistan
WamosSpain
World2FlySpain

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